look at the Database section by clicking on the top menu. The database includes: more than 900 operational satellites,  approximately 150 launchers,  all spaceport from where the satellites were launched,  nearly 400 key stakeholders in the sector.

A non-governmental space agency for the oil and gas industry

May 20th, 2010

With the aim of providing satellite communications services to his oil/gas activities, the Russian energy giant Gazprom established in 1992 the  subsidiary Gascom. Initially the goal was to provide communications services to those regions where Gazprom has interests, but later Gazprom was soon persuaded by the advantages of satcoms, and the company took a decision to set up its own satellite operator. Presently the company is not only satellite operator and system integrator but provides services too, including satellite links, video distribution, Internet access and networks building.

Gazprom accounts for 17% of the use of Gazcom’s services. Government structures use 10%, corporate and commercial service providers 51%, and commercial television companies 22% (RIA Novosti).

The space projects developed by Gazprom Space Systems are:

  • Yamal-100 (Yamal-100 Satellite, Mission Control Center, TT&C Facilities)
  • Yamal-200 (two Yamal-200 Satellites, Mission Control Center, TT&C Facilities)

A Yamal-300K satellite, to be ready in the middle of 2011, will be launched to the 90E orbital slot, where it will work together with Yamal-201 satellite.

The Yamal system provides both Satellite Data Transmission Network for Gazprom’s subsidiaries and Satellite Communications Network jointly with telecommunications companies.

Last but not least, in addition to the construction of a new teleport in Moscow Region, two very ambitious projects are to be implemented over the next decade: “Polar Star” and “Smotr”.

“Polar Star” is an advanced mobile communications and audio broadcasting system, with up to 4 Ku/Ka-band satellites in high elliptic orbits (to cover the Northern regions, especially for oil/gas industry, air traffic, maritime transportation…).

The Earth Observation System “Smotr” is to provide monitoring for industrial infrastructure, especially in gas industry. The main tasks will be the monitoring of technical conditions of pipelines and gas infrastructure, the detection of harmful events and processes and the prospection of natural gas fields. The satellites constellation (in circular sun-synchronous orbit , 600-700 km) is yet to be defined, as it ranges from a system composed of 4 satellites (two optoelectronic craft for detailed and panoramic observation and two radar spacecraft for all-weather monitoring) to a configuration that includes 12 satellites (3 high-resolution multispectral, 3 medium-resolution multispectral, 2 infrared, 1 hyper spectral and 3 radar). We can imagine that the afforded founds / partnerships will make the difference.

The system layout (i.e. some radar satellites) is governed by weather conditions in areas where the main gas facilities are located. Most regions exhibit virtually solid cloud coverage for about 70-80% of the time. Many oil and gas facilities are located north of the Arctic Circle, where observation in the visible spectrum is impossible during the long polar night. (RIA Novosti).

If you just wonder why an oil/gas company is so eager on satellite systems, the included Central Asian pipelines map can give you another hint.

The map is from “International Gas Trade in Central Asia: Turkmenistan, Iran, Russia and Afghanistan”.


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Tags: Constellation, earth observation system, elliptic orbits, energy giant, ka band, oil gas industry, pipelines, ria novosti, Russian Federation, space agencies
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